That’s what President Obama promised in his 2009 Earth Day speech, delivered just two months after Congress passed the $800 billion American Recovery and Reinvestment Act.
Obama pledged stimulus spending would “focus on unleashing a new, clean-energy economy that will begin to reduce our dependence on foreign oil, will cut our carbon pollution by about 80 percent by 2050, and create millions of new jobs.”
Govs. Ted Kulongoski and John Kitzhaber have both hyped the green economy, overseeing the spending of millions to create new jobs based on sustainability, conservation and renewable energy.
But this New Deal for our times has turned out to be the same old deal.
WW has examined reports on thousands of projects funded by federal stimulus money, analyses by state agencies responsible for tracking jobs, and independent studies that tried to figure out how many green jobs exist in the state.
The result? With tens of millions spent, Oregon can account for only a relative handful of “green” jobs created or saved. Training opportunities for these jobs are scarce. Agencies and companies that were supposed to report back on how many jobs they created haven’t done so, making reliable counts impossible.
When they talk about green jobs, Obama and Kitzhaber speak of careers in such cutting-edge fields as solar and wind energy, advanced fuel cells, and “green” chemistry.
But records show that the state has stretched its “green job” definition so broadly it includes such low-tech occupations as mowing lawns and shoveling manure. According to the Oregon Employment Department, the No. 1 “green job” in Oregon is “carpenter.” No. 2? Truck driver.
The state says a green job is any that works to “increase energy efficiency; produce renewable energy; prevent, reduce, or mitigate environmental degradation; clean up and restore the natural environment; [or] educate, consult, and provide other services that support the above.”
“The vast majority of green jobs are in existing occupations—they’re in jobs that have been around for decades,” says Gail Kiles Krumenauer, green jobs economist for the department.
Using this very broad definition, officials claim Oregon has more than 50,000 green jobs, composing some 4 percent of the state’s workforce.
A more realistic number comes from a recent Brookings Institution study of “clean economy” jobs around the country. The study says Oregon has 845 jobs in solar, wind and geothermal energy. (Oregon Employment Department figures show the state has lost 133,000 jobs since 2008.) The Brookings study, using a more restrictive definition than the state’s, placed the Portland metro area 15th in the nation, behind Denver and Albany, N.Y., for green jobs as a share of the local workforce.
The state claims that overall, more than 4,700 jobs have been created or saved thanks to $727 million spent on Oregon’s stimulus-funded projects—whether or not the money was supposed to create “green” jobs.
But that’s just an estimate. The companies and agencies who spent the money are supposed to be reporting how many jobs they’ve created or saved, but they aren’t doing that. As a result, records show, they have only officially claimed 911 jobs.
The number of jobs reported that directly relate to energy efficiency, renewables or sustainability is much smaller—about 400, based on WW’s analysis.
State experts can’t say how many green jobs have been produced as a result of the stimulus money. “The data you’re looking for might not exist yet,” says Cylvia Hayes, whose company, 3E Strategies, got a state contract paid for with stimulus money to come up with a green jobs plan for Oregon.
Using part of a $1.25 million stimulus grant, the Oregon Employment Department developed an “automated tool” that scours help-wanted ads for any openings that might be “green jobs.” The idea was to create a constantly updated online green jobs board.
The results are likely to disappoint anyone looking for work on wind turbines. One of the latest openings flagged by the online tool was “hog farm laborer” in Wheatland, Wyo., a seasonal job that pays $9.90 an hour. Duties include raising piglets, castrating animals, mixing feed and “flush[ing] hog wastes into holding pits.”
The more expansive the definition of green jobs, the more success officials can claim in meeting their goals. For example, a state-produced green jobs brochure—also paid for by stimulus money—promotes growing opportunities for landscapers and groundskeepers, whose responsibilities include “dig[ging] trenches, ditches, or holes with hand tools.” It’s hard to imagine that these are the “shovel-ready” projects Congress had in mind.